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Corporation (Inc.)

What is a Corporation?
Corporations is one of several ways to legally recognize a business in the U.S. The Corporation structure is traditionally better for bigger businesses and more attractive to outside investors because it allows a wider ownership of the corporation through stock. The majority of bigger businesses in the US are typically structured as C-Corporations.
C- Corporation Advantages
-Limited Protection – Similar to an LLC, Corporation’s liabilities are separate from your personal liabilities.
-Corporations exists independently of its owners – Where as an LLC only exists for as long as the proprietors or owners are alive and in business.
-Recognized outside of the United States
-Higher Credibility - Which helps with doing business with other U.S. Entities.
-Tax Advantages – There are tax deductible business expenses.
-Preferred by outside Investors and for IPOs – There is an easier access to funding via the use of stock.
C-Corporation Disadvantages
-Double taxation (C-Corp) – Revenue will be taxed at the company level and also when dividends are given to shareholders.
-Additional Rules and Regulations– Corporations traditionally have more government compliance and complex tax rules.
-No Personal Loss Tax Deduction (C-Corp) – Individual shareholders cannot deduct losses on their personal tax returns.
C-Corporation vs. S-Corporation
S-Corporation (S-Corp) is considered a pass-through entity similar to an LLC, which means the business itself cannot be taxed. Instead, the income will be reported on the owner's personal tax returns. C-Corporations on the other hand are not pass-through entities. Income will be taxed at the corporate level, and if dividends/profits are distributed to the owners, they will be taxed at the individual level too.
Key Differences:
- S-Corps are for U.S. Citizens or Permanent residents only.
- S-Corps can deduct losses on your personal tax returns as it is a pass-thru entity.
- C-Corps can have an unlimited amount of ownership where the S-Corp can’t have more than 100 shareholders.
- C-Corps has to pay corporate income tax, S-Corps doesn’t because similar to the LLC it is a pass-through entity.
- C-Corps has to file taxes quarterly, and S-Corps only has to file once a year.
C-Corporation Requirements
-Hold an annual general meeting for the shareholders and board of directors – The meeting is used to discuss and decide important information and strategic decisions for the company.
-Issue shares to the investors as ownership of the company
-Appoint a Board of Directors
-Assign certain positions for the company (One person can hold multiple positions)       
      o   Officers (President, Secretary and Treasurer) – Responsible for the day to day decisions.      
      o   Directors – Responsible for the companies major decisions.      
      o   Shareholders – Responsible for approving major decisions and electing the directors.
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